Sunday, June 14, Cold Harbor:
Union soldiers were disturbed to discover skeletal remains from the first battle while entrenching. Cold Harbor was not a port city, despite its name. Rather, it described two rural crossroads named for the Cold Harbor Tavern owned by the Isaac Burnett family which provided shelter harbor but not hot meals.
From these crossroads, the Union army was positioned to receive reinforcements sailing up the Pamunkey Riverand could attack either the Confederate capital or its Army of Northern Virginia. Lee sent a cavalry division under Maj. Fitzhugh Lee to reinforce Brig. Matthew Butler and secure the crossroads at Old Cold Harbor.
Torbert increased pressure on the Confederates, Robert E. The lead brigade of Hoke's division also reached the crossroads to join Butler and Fitzhugh Lee. Torbert and elements of Brig. Gregg 's cavalry division drove the Confederates from the Old Cold Harbor crossroads and began to dig in.
As more of Hoke's and Anderson's men streamed in, Union cavalry commander Maj. Philip Sheridan became concerned and ordered Torbert to pull back toward Old Church. And he ordered Sheridan to return to the crossroads and secure it "at all hazards. Lee's plan for June 1 was to use his newly concentrated infantry against the small cavalry forces at Old Cold Harbor.
But his subordinates did not coordinate correctly. Anderson did not integrate Hoke's division with his attack plan and left him with the understanding that he was not to assault until the First Corps' attack was well underway, because the Union defenders were disorganized as well.
Kershawwhich was now under a less experienced South Carolina politician, Col. Keitt's men approached the entrenched cavalry of Brig.
Armed with seven-shot Spencer repeating carbinesMerritt's men delivered heavy fire, mortally wounding Keitt and destroying his brigade's cohesion.
Hoke obeyed what he understood to be his orders and did not join in the attack, which was quickly called back by Anderson. Wright's lead elements arrived at the crossroads and began to extend and improve the entrenchments started by the cavalrymen.
Although Grant had intended for Wright to attack immediately, his men were exhausted from their long march and they were unsure as to the strength of the enemy. The Union cavalrymen retired to the east. It is very desirable you should join this attack, unless in your judgment it is impracticable.
Lockwoodwhich began to march at 6 p. Meade was also concerned about his left flank, which was not anchored on the Chickahominy and was potentially threatened by Fitzhugh Lee's cavalry.
He ordered Phil Sheridan to send scouting parties into the area, but Sheridan resisted, telling Meade that it would be impossible to move his men before dark. Both Wright's and Smith's corps moved forward. Wright's men made little progress south of the Mechanicsville Road, which connected New and Old Cold Harbor, recoiling from heavy fire.
North of the road, Brig. Emory Upton 's brigade of Brig. Russell 's division also encountered heavy fire from Brig.
Clingman 's brigade, "A sheet of flame, sudden as lightning, red as blood, and so near that it seemed to singe the men's faces. Truex found a gap in the Confederate line, between the brigades of Clingman and Brig.
Woffordthrough a swampy, brush-filled ravine.
As Truex's men charged through the gap, Clingman swung two regiments around to face them, and Anderson sent in Brig. Eppa Hunton 's brigade from his corps reserve.
Truex became surrounded on three sides and was forced to withdraw, although his men brought back hundreds of Georgian prisoners with them.
Hill, Breckinridge, and Early. Crittendenrecently transferred from the West following his poor performance in the Battle of Chickamaugaoccupied a doglegged position with an angle that was parallel to the Shady Grove Road, separated from the V Corps by a marsh known as Magnolia Swamp.
Two divisions of Early's Corps—Maj. Rodes on the left, Maj.Essay title: The Battle at Cold Harbor The battle of Cold Harbor was fought from May June 12, Today it is known as one of the bloodiest engagements of the American civil war.
The Battle of Cold Harbor was fought during the American Civil War near Mechanicsville, Virginia, from May 31 to June 12, , with the most significant fighting occurring on June 3.
It was one of the final battles of Union Lt. Gen.
Ulysses S. Grant 's Overland Campaign, and is remembered as one of American history's bloodiest, most lopsided battles. Sep 11, · on Pearl Harbor ships being destroyed around pearl harbor What happened in the attack on Pearl Harbor was a tragedy, which cost the lives of thousands of navy men in battle and was one of the battles that the U.S.
lost in WWII, but now, many people say that this attack on Pearl Harbor .
THE BATTLE OF COLD HARBOR The battle of Cold Harbor or also known as The Second Cold Harbor is described as one of the bloodiest military combats of the American Civil War.
It was a thirteen-day battle and was fought between May 31st – June 12th, at Cold Harbor. The battle of Cold Harbor was fought from May June 12, Today it is known as one of the bloodiest engagements of the American civil war. This battle resulted in heavy losses of men for the Union and only a couple thousand for the Confederacy.
The Civil War Trust's Battle of Cold Harbor page includes history articles, battle maps, helpful weblinks, and recommended books for this Civil War battle in Virginia.
On May 31st, , Maj. Gen. Phil Sheridan’s cavalry seized the vital crossroads of Old Cold Harbor.