Nursing compassion versus technology essay

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Nursing compassion versus technology essay

Nursing compassion versus technology essay

Day and Ruth A. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Compassion fatigue is a concept used with increasing frequency in the nursing literature. The objective of this paper is to identify common themes across the literature and to apply these themes, and an existing model of compassion fatigue, to informal caregivers for family members with dementia.

Caregivers for family members with dementia may be at risk for developing compassion fatigue. The model of compassion fatigue provides an informative framework for understanding compassion fatigue in the informal caregiver population.

Limitations of the model when applied to this population were identified as traumatic memories and the emotional relationship between parent and child, suggesting areas for future research. Research is needed to better understand the impact of compassion fatigue on informal caregivers through qualitative interviews, to identify informal caregivers at Nursing compassion versus technology essay for compassion fatigue, and to provide an empirical basis for developing nursing interventions for caregivers experiencing compassion fatigue.

Introduction Compassion fatigue was introduced to the health care community as a unique form of burnout experienced by those in caring professions, particularly palliative care and oncology nurses [ 1 ]. Later, other health care professions such as social work, medicine, and psychology adopted the concept [ 2 — 5 ].

Many definitions of compassion fatigue have been offered by researchers and authors, the most common being that compassion fatigue is an adverse consequence of caring for individuals in need and the caregiver may experience the symptoms of anger, depression, and apathy [ 167 ].

Family caregivers, particularly those caring for older adults with dementia, display many of the characteristics of compassion fatigue. Caregivers for family members with dementia experience depression, anxiety, and stress [ 8 — 15 ] and also feelings of resentment, helplessness, and hopelessness, in addition to feeling that they have little free time [ 16 ].

Caregivers who have these feelings and experiences on top of the emotionally laden filial caregiving relationship may be suffering from compassion fatigue, yet compassion fatigue has not been explored for informal caregivers of family members with dementia. Informal caregivers for family members with dementia who develop compassion fatigue may terminate the caregiving relationship though premature nursing home admission or relinquishing care to another family member, and there may also be increased risk for abuse or neglect [ 1314 ].

Supporting these caregivers may improve outcomes for people with dementia because individuals who are cared for at home have lower morbidity and mortality than those in institutional settings [ 17 ], and caring for family members at home provides a significant decrease in cost to society [ 1718 ].

In order for the professional health care community to support these caregivers, compassion fatigue must be fully explored in this population of caregivers.

Therefore, the objective of this paper is to identify common themes across the literature on compassion fatigue and to apply these themes and the existing model of compassion fatigue to informal caregivers for family members with dementia. Themes from the Literature Historically, the health care literature has not presented a consistent definition of compassion fatigue.

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Compassion fatigue, a term introduced by Joinson [ 1 ] and developed by Figley [ 5 ], has been defined interchangeably with secondary traumatic stress and secondary traumatic stress disorder, vicarious traumatization, and burnout [ 23719 ], thus creating confusion regarding its definition.

For example, authors of a literature review of compassion fatigue as experienced by cancer-care providers stated that they were unable to generate a definition based on the 14 studies reviewed [ 20 ]. Table 1 contains the unique definitions of compassion fatigue found in earlier literature from nursing, and all articles by Figley, or authors adapting his definition.

Nursing compassion versus technology essay

Definitions of concepts and key terms. Several themes arise from the definitions in the literature of compassion fatigue. Compassion fatigue a is dependent on a caring relationship between the caregiver and a care recipient, who is suffering or traumatized [ 127192122 ], b is a form of burnout [ 17 ], c has an acute onset [ 24 ], and d has negative emotional responses for the caregiver such as helplessness, hopelessness, isolation, and apathy or an inability to be empathic [ 13619 ].

Applied to Informal Caregivers As shown in Figure 1 [ 23 ], compassion fatigue is a process. When caregivers have this empathic response, coupled with an unwillingness or inability to detach from the caregiving situation and the absence of feelings of satisfaction, the caregiver develops compassion stress [ 2 ].

Compassion stress results in compassion fatigue if the caregiver has prolonged exposure to suffering coupled with traumatic memories and competing life demands [ 2 ].

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Compassion fatigue process [ 23 ]. Compassion fatigue has not been specifically studied in informal caregivers, but many of the characteristics of compassion fatigue are recognizable in informal caregivers, particularly those caring for family members with dementia.

Characteristics of compassion fatigue displayed in formal caregivers include, but are not limited to, apathy, depression, and anxiety [ 1222 ]. Dementia caregivers experience stress and have also been found to experience anxiety and depression [ 8 — 101213 ]. It is likely, therefore, that informal caregivers are at risk for compassion fatigue.

Empathic Ability, Concern, and Attachment Although compassion fatigue has not been specifically studied in family caregivers for a family member with dementia, their experiences appear to place them at risk for developing compassion fatigue.

For example, a loving emotional relationship between care recipient and caregiver is important in the family caregiving dyad and we propose this places the caregiver at particular risk for compassion fatigue.

The following quote from a daughter about her relationship with her mother demonstrates an affectionate relationship: Although this daughter does not display compassion fatigue, she may be at risk given her close relationship with her mother.

Premorbid relationship quality impacts the caregiving relationship [ 25 ]. Research shows that caregivers who had a positive relationship have less strain during caregiving and are able to find meaning in caregiving [ 26 — 28 ].Most nursing programs require applicants to submit an essay as part of the application process.

This essay is intended to show why the individual is worthy of joining the nursing profession, so it is crucial that it is well-written. Free Nursing papers, essays, and research papers. Research in Nursing - Critiquing research As a central feature of national research and development strategies, clinical effectiveness emphasizes the importance of rigorous experimental research in nursing (Gillibrand et al, ).

Compassion fatigue is an occupational hazard, which means that almost everyone who cares about their patients/clients will eventually develop a certain amount of it, to varying degrees of severity. The Law and Legal Authority to Practice Nursing Essay - Case Study Review Nurses face many legal and ethical issues on a daily basis and they must practice according to the standards of care in order to make the best decision for the patient and themselves.

Compassion fatigue is the last stage of compassion discomfort and compassion stress. The nursing profession does not provide adequate resources to help combat this condition, like other professionals who deal with similar situations. If you have additional files/rubric, you will upload them at the order files section after placing your order.

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